What is Nicotine Gum?
It is a therapeutic chewing gum that is used to help people to stop smoking cigarettes. It was first developed in the 1980s and is usually a hard gum and each is packed with individual containers with a foil covering. It was first introduced as a prescription medicine called Nicorette and when it produced in a generic version it was then made available as an over the counter drug without a prescription
It is usually used together with a smoking cessation program which incorporates support groups and counseling and the smoking cessation aids works in such a way in the human body by introducing nicotine throughout the body to reduce withdrawal symptoms experienced during smoking and the urges associated with them. The nicotine gum provides an oral gratification similar to smoking a real cigarette because each gum contains 2 or 4 mg of nicotine in each piece and that is equal to two cigarettes.
The nicotine gum is usually chewed 15 minutes after drinking or eating and once you start chewing it produces a tingling and peppery sensation and one can repeat this cycle up to 30 minutes to let your body absorb the nicotine into the bloodstream
Usually, smokers can use this gum for around 24 pieces a day and it is not safe to use by pregnant women because of nicotine. The gum comes in assorted flavors and it is usually patented with a dual coated technology and the outer coated is there to seal in the inner layer to enable the gum to last for a longer period because it helps to lock in the flavors
The gum should be used after eating or drinking not less than 15 minutes because that will reduce the absorption rate and smokers are usually advised to chew the gum until it softens and they come in 2 or 4 mg strength and most brands offer a fruit or minty flavors
Features of Nicotine Gum
It has been formulated such that each gum contains a 2mg strength which is equivalent to 8g per maximum dose for 20 pieces and contains different flavors such as mint, eucalyptus, and peppermint. Each gum contains sorbitol, xylitol, and mannitol which are sugar alcohols and it has a dual coating which will make it last longer and it is packed in a foil making it easy to pop out
Specially formulated with nicotine to help users kick off their smoking habit because it contains a therapeutic dose of nicotine in each gum. It has a dual coated technology which has been patented which means that you can experience an intense craving relief for longer. It is portable due to its small size and you can be able to chew even in places that is smoking restricted and helps you manage the triggers associated with cigarettes in your daily routine by helping you fight off cravings
Nicotine Gum Therapy
This therapy can be used to reduce nicotine cravings and can be completed within three months but before you embark on this journey one has to ensure that they consult a medical practitioner if you have the following illnesses; have an uncontrolled high blood pressure, Heart disease or a heart condition. Overactive thyroid problem, if you are planning to get pregnant or are pregnant because it may interfere with fetal development and also if u have a dental disorder
Advantages of Nicotine Gum
They help you quit smoking by providing a steady supply of nicotine and you can be able to control the dosage and you can pop a piece of the nicotine gum to help you deal with your cravings. It can be quickly absorbed into the body than a nicotine patch to provide a quicker relief
They do not contain carcinogenic properties making it a safe way because it decreases your possibilities of getting cancer. Help you curb smoking because many people don’t like smoking and chewing at the same time
It can be discreetly chewed even at meetings and can give you something to do when you get a craving. This is a simpler method and uncomplicated and does not cause any smoking-related diseases
They are available in many assorted flavors which includes mint, fruity flavor for those users who don’t prefer the original nicotine flavor and may help you prevent lung diseases by helping you take the first step towards a self-initiated anti-smoking program
It helps you save money because they are less expensive compared to cigarettes and they help fight Parkinson’s disease because it can protect against the damage to the brains. It can also help reduce the loss of neurons in the brain by enhancing the brain function in people with Alzheimer’s disease.
It can help alter the cortical network activity in the brain by helping in the production of desirable qualities that help in combating depression in users. It helps in improving your memory and makes you be attentive and alert
It may help you from being overly dependent on stimulants such as coffee and help increase motivation because it activates the orexin and that increases the hemisphere of the brain to be alert.
Disadvantages of Nicotine Gum
There are some users who won’t prefer it because they dislike chewing gums in public and also the taste might be unpleasant to some people. The nicotine gum can be expensive and one might still be tempted to smoke.
The gums prevent people who have dentures to be able to use them and if the nicotine gum is not chewed properly and you end up swallowing the gum it may cause nausea, dizziness and an upset stomach
A user can get addicted to the gum and might cause an overdose if you chew and smoke at the same time. If you use it for a very long time it may cause your jaw to ache depending on how many you need to chew per day
Pregnant women and also those who are planning to get pregnant are advised not to take it because the gum contains a small amount of nicotine but it is still enough to affect a fetus. Lactating mom is also advised not to chew the nicotine gum because the nicotine may be passed to the baby through the milk ducts to the baby.
Examples of Nicotine Gum
- Nicorette Nicotine Gum Original Flavor – It has been specially formulated with nicotine to help users kick off their smoking habits. Has a dual coated technology which has been patented which means that you can experience an intense craving relief for longer? It helps you control your nicotine intake throughout the day and it is an ideal smoking aid to help you stop smoking. It is portable and you can be able to chew even in places that are smoking restricted and helps you manage the triggers associated with cigarettes in your daily routine by helping you fight cravings and contains a low therapeutic dose of nicotine.
- Habitrol Nicotine Chewing gum – It has been formulated such that each gum contains a 2mg strength which is equivalent to 8g per maximum dose for 20 pieces and contains different flavors such as mint, eucalyptus, and peppermint. Each gum contains sorbitol, xylitol, and mannitol which are sugar alcohols which have fewer calories making it sugar-free and the coating is dual making it last longer and it is packed in a foil making it easy to pop out and also help reduce withdrawal symptoms.
- Nicorette Nicotine Gum White Ice Mint Flavor – It can double both as an aid to curb smoking and also as a breath freshener because it can effectively help to clear out any foul odor that may develop in the mouth area during the day and it may also be used to fight off cravings when they arise and contains a powerful mint flavor. Each piece contains 2mg of nicotine which can be effectively used for light and recreational smokers and if you are a heavy smoker you can use two pieces at once to achieve a long-lasting satisfaction for up to six hours
How to use Nicotine Gum
Depending on the type of gum you have chosen remove it from the casing and chew the Nicorette gum slowly as you can until you can be able to taste the tingling sensation in your mouth.
Stop chewing and place the piece of Nicorette in between your cheeks and gums and after a minute when the tingling sensation has disappeared start chewing the gum again.
Repeat this process until the sensation is gone for about 30 minutes. If you experience strong or frequent cravings you can add a second piece of nicotine gum within the hour
The prices on the nicotine gum will vary depending on the different varieties available in the market and they will range between 30 dollars to 150 dollars and it is always recommended to check the Amazon website for more information concerning the prices
Conclusion on Nicotine gum
Always remember that nicotine gum is an aid and must be used exactly as directed by a medical practitioner and if you go overboard it might have serious side effects and if you choose this method to curb your smoking addiction make sure you wean yourself off it as the time frame is suggested by the physician
Sol Ruiz heads our Research Digest department. He graduated from the New York University where he obtained his Master’s Degree in Public Health.